What contract do I use to sell my mobile home with a lease purchase option?

Full Question:

I have a mobile home that I would like to sell with a lease/option to purchase contract. It is already set up on a lot and will be sold with lot. Which contract do I use; the stationary manufactured home or the mobile home contract offered?
02/06/2009   |   Category: Personal Pro... ยป Mobile homes   |   State: Texas   |   #15170

Answer:

Definitions of manufactured and mobile homes vary by state. Please see the Texas statutes below to determine applicability:

§ 94.001 PROP. Definitions

In this chapter:

(1) "Landlord" means the owner or manager of a manufactured home
community and includes an employee or agent of the landlord.

(2) "Lease agreement" means a written agreement between a landlord and
a tenant that establishes the terms, conditions, and other provisions for
placing a manufactured home on the premises of a manufactured home
community.

(3) "Manufactured home" has the meaning assigned by Section 1201.003,
Occupations Code, and for purposes of this chapter, a reference to a
manufactured home includes a recreational vehicle.

(4) "Manufactured home community" means a parcel of land on which four
or more lots are offered for lease for installing and occupying
manufactured homes.

(5) "Manufactured home community rules" means the rules provided in a
written document that establish the policies and regulations of the
manufactured home community, including regulations relating to the use,
occupancy, and quiet enjoyment of and the health, safety, and welfare of
tenants of the manufactured home community.

(6) "Manufactured home lot" means the space allocated in the lease
agreement for the placement of the tenant's manufactured home and the
area adjacent to that space designated in the lease agreement for the
tenant's exclusive use.

(7) "Normal wear and tear" means deterioration that results from
intended use of the premises, including breakage or malfunction due to
age or deteriorated condition, but the term does not include
deterioration that results from negligence, carelessness, accident, or
abuse of the premises, equipment, or chattels by the tenant, a member of
the tenant's household, or a guest or invitee of the tenant.

(8) "Park model unit" means a recreational vehicle that is designed
primarily as temporary living quarters for recreation, camping, or
seasonal use and that is built on a single chassis, mounted on wheels,
and has a gross trailer area not exceeding 400 square feet in the set-up
mode.

(9) "Premises" means a tenant's manufactured home lot, any area or
facility the lease authorizes the tenant to use, and the appurtenances,
grounds, and facilities held out for the use of tenants generally.

(10) "Recreational vehicle" means a vehicle that is primarily designed
as a temporary living quarters for recreational camping or travel use and
that is permanently tied to, affixed, or anchored to the premises as in
the case of a park model unit.

(11) "Tenant" means a person who is:

(A) authorized by a lease agreement to occupy a lot to the exclusion of
others in a manufactured home community; and

(B) obligated under the lease agreement to pay rent, fees, and other
charges.

§ 1201.003 OCCUP. CODE. Definitions

In this chapter:

(1) "Advertisement" means a commercial message that promotes the sale,
exchange, or lease-purchase of a manufactured home and that is presented
on radio, television, a publicaddress system, or electronic media or
appears in a newspaper, a magazine, a flyer, a catalog, direct mail
literature, an inside or outside sign or window display, point-of-sale
literature, a price tag, or other printed material. The term does not
include educational material or material required by law.

(2) "Affiliate" means a person who is under common control.

(3) "Alteration" means the replacement, addition, modification, or
removal of equipment in a new manufactured home after sale by a
manufacturer to a retailer but before sale and installation by a retailer
to a purchaser in a manner that may affect the home's construction, fire
safety, occupancy, or plumbing, heating, or electrical system. The term
includes the modification of a manufactured home in a manner that may
affect the home's compliance with the appropriate standards but does not
include:

(A) the repair or replacement of a component or appliance that requires
plug-in to an electrical receptacle, if the replaced item is of the same
configuration and rating as the replacement; or

(B) the addition of an appliance that requires plug-in to an electrical
receptacle and that was not provided with the manufactured home by the
manufacturer, if the rating of the appliance does not exceed the rating
of the receptacle to which the appliance is connected.

(4) "Attached" in reference to a manufactured home means that the home
has been:

(A) installed in compliance with the rules of the department; and

(B) connected to a utility, including a utility providing water,
electric, natural gas, propane or butane gas, or wastewater service.

(5) "Board" means the Manufactured Housing Board within the Texas
Department of Housing and Community Affairs.

(6) "Broker" means a person engaged by one or more other persons to
negotiate or offer to negotiate a bargain or contract for the sale,
exchange, or lease-purchase of a manufactured home for which a
certificate or other document of title has been issued and is
outstanding. The term does not include a person who maintains a location
for the display of manufactured homes.

(7) "Business use" means the use of a manufactured home for a purpose
other than as a permanent or temporary dwelling.

(8) "Consumer" means a person, other than a person licensed under this
chapter, who seeks to acquire or acquires by purchase, exchange, or
lease-purchase a manufactured home.

(9) "Control" means, with respect to another person, the possession of
the power, directly or indirectly, to vote an interest of 25 percent or
more.

(10) "Department" means the Texas Department of Housing and Community
Affairs operating through its manufactured housing division.

(11) "Director" means the executive director of the manufactured
housing division of the Texas Department of Housing and Community
Affairs.

(12) "HUD-code manufactured home":

(A) means a structure:

(i) constructed on or after June 15, 1976, according to the rules of
the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development;

(ii) built on a permanent chassis;

(iii) designed for use as a dwelling with or without a permanent
foundation when the structure is connected to the required utilities;

(iv) transportable in one or more sections; and

(v) in the traveling mode, at least eight body feet in width or at
least 40 body feet in length or, when erected on site, at least 320
square feet;

(B) includes the plumbing, heating, air conditioning, and electrical
systems of the home; and

(C) does not include a recreational vehicle as defined by
24 C.F.R. Section 3282.8(g).

(13) "Installation" means the temporary or permanent construction of
the foundation system and the placement of a manufactured home or
manufactured home component on the foundation. The term includes
supporting, blocking, leveling, securing, anchoring, and properly
connecting multiple or expandable sections or components and making minor
adjustments.

(14) "Installer" means a person, including a retailer or manufacturer,
who contracts to perform or performs an installation function on
manufactured housing.

(15) "Label" means a device or insignia that is:

(A) issued by the director to indicate compliance with the standards,
rules, and regulations established by the United States Department of
Housing and Urban Development; and

(B) permanently attached to each transportable section of each HUD-code
manufactured home constructed after June 15, 1976, for sale to a
consumer.

(16) "Lease-purchase" means entering into a lease contract for a
manufactured home, in which the lessor retains title, containing a
provision or, in another agreement, conferring on the lessee an option to
purchase a manufactured home.

(17) "License holder" or "licensee" means a person who holds a
department-issued license as a manufacturer, retailer, broker, rebuilder,
salesperson, or installer.

(18) "Manufactured home" or "manufactured housing" means a HUD-code
manufactured home or a mobile home.

(19) "Manufacturer" means a person who constructs or assembles
manufactured housing for sale, exchange, or lease-purchase in this state.

(20) "Mobile home":

(A) means a structure:

(i) constructed before June 15, 1976;

(ii) built on a permanent chassis;

(iii) designed for use as a dwelling with or without a permanent
foundation when the structure is connected to the required utilities;

(iv) transportable in one or more sections; and

(v) in the traveling mode, at least eight body feet in width or at
least 40 body feet in length or, when erected on site, at least 320
square feet; and

(B) includes the plumbing, heating, air conditioning, and electrical
systems of the home.

(21) "New manufactured home" means a manufactured home that is not a
used manufactured home, regardless of its age.

(22) "Person" means an individual or a partnership, company,
corporation, association, or other group, however organized.

(23) "Related person" means a person who directly or indirectly
participates in management or policy decisions.

(24) "Retailer" means a person who:

(A) is engaged in the business of buying for resale, selling, or
exchanging manufactured homes or offering manufactured homes for sale,
exchange, or lease-purchase to consumers, including a person who
maintains a location for the display of manufactured homes; and

(B) sells, exchanges, or lease-purchases at least two manufactured
homes to consumers in a 12-month period.

(25) "Rules" means the rules of the department.

(26) "Salesperson" means a person who, as an employee or agent of a
retailer or broker, sells or lease-purchases or offers to sell or
lease-purchase manufactured housing to a consumer.

(27) "Salvaged manufactured home" means a manufactured home determined
to be salvaged under Section 1201.461.

(28) "Seal" means a device or insignia issued by the director that, for
title purposes, is to be attached to a used manufactured home as required
by the director.

(29) "Standards code" means the Texas Manufactured Housing Standards
Code.

(30) "Statement of ownership and location" means a statement issued by
the department and setting forth:

(A) the ownership and location of a manufactured home in this state as
provided by Section 1201.205; and

(B) other information required by this chapter.

(31) "Trust fund" means the manufactured homeowners' recovery trust
fund.

(32) "Used manufactured home" means a manufactured home which has been
occupied for any use or for which a statement of ownership and location
has been issued. The term does not include:

(A) a manufactured home that was used as a sales model at a licensed
retail location; or

(B) a manufactured home that:

(i) was sold as a new manufactured home and installed but never
occupied;

(ii) had a statement of ownership and location; and

(iii) was taken back from the consumer or transferee because of a first
payment default or agreement to rescind or unwind the transaction.

Ask Legal Question

Your Privacy is 100% Confidential!