Can a member represent the LLC in civil court or must it hire an attorney?

Full Question:

I am the majority shareholder (83%) in Quantum Labs LLC. Quantum Labs LLC is being sued by FedEx Freight for late payment in Civil Court for $10,830. I personally filed a response to the suit claiming 'Unjust Enrichment' since the last statement from FedEx Freight we received was only for $4,400. Now the Plaintiff is requesting a Default Judgment on the basis that I personally responded, and not an attorney, since Quantum Labs LLC is being sued. My question is: Shouldn't I personally have the right to respond since I am the majority shareholder, and the $'s in question is less than $5000 (this suit should be in small claims court, not civil court, where there are no attorneys allowed - right?)? Can't I defend myself? Or do I need an attorney to respond?If I can defend myself, please recommend the proper forms that I should purchase. Thanks,A.J. Robertson
05/20/2011   |   Category: Civil Actions   |   State: California   |   #24879


In a California small claims action, a LLC may be represented by a member of the LLC. However, the formal answer must come from the LLC not the individual since the claim is against the business not the member personally.

The amount of the claim you mentioned means that your case is not being adjudicated in small claims court where the rule allowing self-representation exists. Therefore, in civil court the LLC must be represented by legal counsel.

The rationale for this requirement in part may because a LLC can only act through its agents which opens the door to anyone claiming to be representing the company. With a lawyer to hold responsible for any falsehoods, the courts may feel more security that false representations aren't taking place. In other words, if the representative is limited to lawyers, who are officers of the court and regulated by the State Bar, a lawsuit filed without proper authority to represent the corporation means the lawyer can be disciplined by the Court, the State Bar, or both. Also, this is the only way that the court can know that the company is being given proper legal advice. Otherwise, the company can say it was given bad advice by a non-lawyer and possibly the court will need to rehear past decisions.