Is slander a civil or criminal law?

Full Question:

Is slander a civil or criminal law?
05/12/2007   |   Category: Civil Actions   |   State: Indiana   |   #4578

Answer:

Slander is considered a civil cause of action.

The applicable Indiana statutes are as follows:

IC 34-15-1-1 In an action for libel or slander, it is sufficient to state
generally that the defamatory matter published or spoken was about the
plaintiff.

In an action for libel or slander, it is sufficient to state generally
that the defamatory matter published or spoken was about the plaintiff. If
the defendant denies the allegation, the plaintiff must prove at trial the
facts showing that the defamatory matter was published or spoken about the
plaintiff.

IC 34-15-1-2 In an action for libel or slander, the defendant may allege:

In an action for libel or slander, the defendant may allege:

(1) the truth of the matter charged as defamatory; and

(2) mitigating circumstances to reduce the damages; and give either or
both in evidence.

IC 34-15-2-1 The proof of an answer of justification in cases of libel and
slander is controlled by the rule that applies to the proof of issues in
other civil cases.

The proof of an answer of justification in cases of libel and slander is
controlled by the rule that applies to the proof of issues in other civil
cases.

IC 32-20-5-1 A person may not use the privilege of filing notices under
this article to slander the title to land.

A person may not use the privilege of filing notices under this article
to slander the title to land.

IC 32-20-5-2 In any action to quiet title to land, if the court finds that
a person has filed a claim only to slander title to land, the court shall:

In any action to quiet title to land, if the court finds that a person
has filed a claim only to slander title to land, the court shall:

(1) award the plaintiff all the costs of the action, including attorney's
fees that the court allows to the plaintiff; and

(2) decree that the defendant asserting the claim shall pay to the
plaintiff all damages that the plaintiff may have sustained as the result
of the notice of claims having been filed for record.

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