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Conduct that harms other people or their property is generally called a tort. It is a private wrong against a person for which the person may recover damages.The injured party may sue the wrongdoer to recover damages to compensate him for the harm or loss caused. The conduct that is a tort may also be a crime.
A conversion occurs when personal property is taken by a defendant and kept from its true owner without permission of the owner. Conversion is a tort. It is the civil side of the crime of theft.