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The answer will depend on the nature of the withdrawal and the circumstances involved, but generally, when a person voluntarily dismisses a pleading, it may be refiled if the dismissal was without prejudice. It the dismissal was stated to be with prejudice, that means it the same claim cannot be refiled later. A request to find a person in contempt is typically made in response to a previous order of the court that is being violated. The request for a finding of contempt of the order is typically made through a motion. I am unable to provide legal advice, as this service provides information of a general legal nature. I suggest calling the clerk of courts where the motion was dismissed to inquire about refiling, as local rules of court vary by court.
The following is an IL statute:
ILCS 5/2-1009 (from Ch. 110, par. 2-1009)
Sec. 2-1009. Voluntary dismissal.
(a) The plaintiff may, at any time before trial or hearing
begins, upon notice to each party who has appeared or each
such party's attorney, and upon payment of costs, dismiss
his or her action or any part thereof as to any defendant,
without prejudice, by order filed in the cause.
(b) The court may hear and decide a motion that has been
filed prior to a motion filed under subsection (a) of this
Section when that prior filed motion, if favorably ruled on
by the court, could result in a final disposition of the
(c) After trial or hearing begins, the plaintiff may
dismiss, only on terms fixed by the court (1) upon filing a
stipulation to that effect signed by the defendant, or (2)
on motion specifying the ground for dismissal, which shall
be supported by affidavit or other proof.
(d) A dismissal under subsection (a) of this Section does
not dismiss a pending counterclaim or third party complaint.
(e) Counterclaimants and third-party plaintiffs may dismiss
upon the same terms and conditions as plaintiffs.