Can an architect file a mechanic's lien?
A Mechanic's Lien is a lien created by statute for the purpose of securing priority of payment for the price or value of work performed and materials furnished in construction or repair of improvements to land, and which attaches to the land as well as the improvements. A craftsman, laborer, supplier, architect or other person who has worked upon improvements or delivered materials to a particular parcel of real estate (either as an employee of the owner or as a sub-contractor to a general contractor) has the right to place a lien on that real property for the value of the services and/or materials if not paid. Ultimate, last-resort enforcement of the Mechanic's Lien is accomplished by filing a lawsuit to foreclose the lien and have the property sold in order to be paid. If the worker or supplier does not sue to enforce the Mechanic's Lien, he/she may still sue for the debt.
Sec. 49-34 of the General Statutes of Connecticut provides:
A mechanic's lien is not valid, unless the person performing the services or furnishing the materials, within ninety days after he has ceased to do so, lodges with the town clerk of the town in which the building, lot or plot of land is situated a certificate in writing, which shall be recorded by the town clerk with deeds of land, describing the premises, the amount claimed as a lien thereon, the name or names of the person against whom the lien is being filed and the date of the commencement of the performance of services or furnishing of materials, stating that the amount claimed is justly due, as nearly as the same can be ascertained, and subscribed and sworn to by the claimant, and within the same time, or prior to the lodging of the certificate but not later than thirty days after lodging the certificate, serves a true and attested copy of the certificate upon the owner of the building, lot or plot of land in the same manner as is provided for the service of the notice in section 49- 35.
Sec. 49-35 provides:
No person other than the original contractor for the construction, raising, removal or repairing of the building, or the development of any lot, or the site development or subdivision of any plot of land or a subcontractor whose contract with the original contractor is in writing and has been assented to in writing by the other party to the original contract, is entitled to claim any such mechanic's lien, unless, after commencing, and not later than ninety days after ceasing, to furnish materials or render services for such construction, raising, removal or repairing, he gives written notice to the owner of the building, lot or plot of land and to the original contractor that he has furnished or commenced to furnish materials, or rendered or commenced to render services, and intends to claim a lien therefore on the building, lot or plot of land; provided an original contractor shall not be entitled to such notice, unless, not later than fifteen days after commencing the construction, raising, removal or repairing of the building, or the development of any lot, or the site development or subdivision of any plot of land, such original contractor lodges with the town clerk of the town in which the building, lot or plot of land is situated an affidavit in writing, which shall be recorded by the town clerk with deeds of land, stating the name under which such original contractor conducts business, stating his business address and describing the building, lot or plot of land. The right of any person to claim a lien under this section shall not be affected by the failure of such affidavit to conform to the requirements of this section. The notice shall be served upon the owner or original contractor, if such owner or original contractor resides in the same town in which the building is being erected, raised, removed or repaired or the lot is being improved, or the plot of land is being improved or subdivided, by any indifferent person, sheriff or other proper officer, by leaving with such owner or original contractor or at his usual place of abode a true and attested copy thereof. If the owner or original contractor does not reside in such town, but has a known agent therein, the notice may be so served upon the agent, otherwise it may be served by any indifferent person, sheriff or other proper officer, by mailing a true and attested copy of the notice by registered or certified mail to the owner or original contractor at the place where he resides. An attorney is not required to file such a lien, but is advisable.