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Under the statutes of many states including Florida, abandonment, desertion, or nonsupport of a child is a criminal offense. In addition, the Child Support Recovery Act (CSRA) makes a willful failure to pay state-ordered child support a federal crime, where the obligor parent and the child live in different states.
The CSRA has been amended by the Deadbeat Parents Punishment Act to include new felony provisions
Child Abandonment (under 6) --- Felony, up to $5000 fine and/or up to 5 years in penitentiary. Desertion / non-support of minor under 18 -- Felony, up to $5000 fine and/or up to 5 Years in penitentiary.