What are the laws in Georgia on placement of children with my relatives?

Full Question:

What are the laws in Georgia on placement of children with my relatives?
06/23/2017   |   Category: Minors ยป Placement wi...   |   State: Georgia   |   #40604

Answer:

Georgia addresses relatives adopting a child and placement of children with relatives. This is provided by Statutes § 19-8-7 and § 15-11-103.

CODE OF GEORGIA
Title 19. DOMESTIC RELATIONS
Chapter 8. ADOPTION
Article 1. General ProvisionsCurrent through 2017 Georgia Act 280
 
§ 19-8-7. Surrender or Termination of Parental or Guardian's Rights Where Child Adopted by Relative

(a) Except as otherwise authorized in this Code section, a child who has any living parent or guardian may be adopted by a relative who is related by blood or marriage to the child as a grandparent, great-grandparent, aunt, uncle, great aunt, great uncle, or sibling only if each such living parent and each such guardian has voluntarily and in writing surrendered to that relative and any spouse of such relative all of his or her rights to the child for the purpose of enabling that relative and any such spouse to adopt the child.

(b) In the case of a child 14 years of age or older, the written consent of the child to his adoption must be given and acknowledged in the presence of the court.

(c) The surrender specified in paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (e) of this Code section shall be executed following the birth of the child, and the pre-birth surrender specified in paragraph (3) of subsection (e) of this Code section shall be executed prior to the birth of the child. Each surrender shall be executed in the presence of a notary. A copy shall be delivered to the individual signing the surrender at the time of the execution thereof.

(d) A person signing a surrender pursuant to this Code section shall have the right to withdraw the surrender as provided in subsection (b) of Code Section 19-8-9.

(e)

(1) The surrender by a parent or guardian specified in subsection (a) of this Code section shall meet the requirements of subsection (e) of Code Section 19-8-26.

(2) The biological father who is not the legal father of the child may surrender all his rights to the child for purposes of an adoption pursuant to this Code section. That surrender shall meet the requirements of subsection (d) of Code Section 19-8-26.

(3)

(A) The biological father who is not the legal father of a child may execute a surrender of his rights to the child prior to the birth of the child for the purpose of an adoption pursuant to this Code section. A pre-birth surrender, when signed under oath by the alleged biological father, shall serve to relinquish the alleged biological father's rights to the child and to waive the alleged biological father's right to notice of any proceeding with respect to the child's adoption, custody, or guardianship. The court in any adoption proceeding shall have jurisdiction to enter a final order of adoption of the child based upon the pre-birth surrender and in other proceedings to determine the child's legal custody or guardianship shall have jurisdiction to enter an order for those purposes.

(B) The responsibilities of an alleged biological father are permanently terminated only upon the entry of a final order of adoption. A person executing a pre-birth surrender pursuant to this Code section shall have the right to withdraw the surrender within ten days from the date of execution thereof, notwithstanding the date of birth of the child.

(C) If a final order of adoption is not entered after the execution of a pre-birth surrender and paternity is established by acknowledgment, by administrative order, or by judicial order, then the alleged biological father shall be responsible for child support or other financial obligations to the child or to the child's mother, or to both.

(D) The pre-birth surrender shall not be valid for use by a legal father as defined under paragraph (6) of Code Section 19-8-1 or for any man who has executed a voluntary acknowledgment of paternity pursuant to the provisions of Code Section 19-7-46.1.

(E) The pre-birth surrender may be executed at any time after the biological mother executes a sworn statement identifying such person as an alleged biological father of the biological mother's unborn child.

(F) The pre-birth surrender shall meet the requirements of subsection (f) of Code Section 19-8-26.

(f) A surrender of rights shall be acknowledged by the person who surrenders those rights by also signing an acknowledgment meeting the requirements of subsection (g) of Code Section 19-8-26.

(g) Whenever the legal mother surrenders her parental rights pursuant to this Code section, she shall execute an affidavit meeting the requirements of subsection (h) of Code Section 19-8-26.

(h) Whenever rights are surrendered pursuant to this Code section the representative of each petitioner shall execute an affidavit meeting the requirements of subsection (k) of Code Section 19-8-26.

(i) A surrender pursuant to this Code section may be given by any parent or biological father who is not the legal father of the child sought to be adopted irrespective of whether such parent or biological father has arrived at the age of majority. The surrender given by any such minor shall be binding upon him as if the individual were in all respects sui juris.

Cite as OCGA § 19-8-7

History. Amended by 2016 Ga. Laws 404, §12, eff. 7/1/2016.
Amended by 2008 Ga. Laws 471, §19, eff. 5/12/2008.
Amended by 2007 Ga. Laws 214, §6, eff. 7/1/2007.
Amended by 2007 Ga. Laws 214, §5, eff. 7/1/2007.
Amended by 2003 Ga. Laws 207, §3, eff. 7/1/2003.

CODE OF GEORGIA
Title 15. COURTS
Chapter 11. JUVENILE COURTS
Article 3. DEPENDENCY PROCEEDINGS
Part 1. GENERAL PROVISIONSCurrent through 2017 Georgia Act 280
 
§ 15-11-103. Child's Right to an Attorney; Appointment of Attorney; Rights of Other Parties to an Attorney

(a) A child and any other party to a proceeding under this article shall have the right to an attorney at all stages of the proceedings under this article.
(b) The court shall appoint an attorney for an alleged dependent child. The appointment shall be made as soon as practicable to ensure adequate representation of such child and, in any event, before the first court hearing that may substantially affect the interests of such child.
(c) A child's attorney owes to his or her client the duties imposed by the law of this state in an attorney-client relationship.
(d) If an attorney has been appointed to represent a child in a prior proceeding under this chapter, the court, when possible, shall appoint the same attorney to represent such child in any subsequent proceeding.
(e)An attorney appointed to represent a child in a dependency proceeding shall continue the representation in any subsequent appeals unless excused by the court.
(f) Neither a child nor a representative of a child may waive a child's right to an attorney in a dependency proceeding.
(g) A party other than a child shall be informed of his or her right to an attorney prior to any hearing. A party other than a child shall be given an opportunity to:

(1) Obtain and employ an attorney of such party's own choice;

(2) Obtain a court appointed attorney if the court determines that such party is an indigent person; or

(3) Waive the right to an attorney.

Cite as OCGA § 15-11-103
History. Added by 2013 Ga. Laws 127, §1-1, eff. 1/1/2014.